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The purpose behind the 18th amendment (Prohibition) was pure. Its advocates thought the law would cure the country of alcoholism, family violence, and political corruption. Sounded good in theory, but the actual practice of Prohibition opened up a lot of unintended consequences that weren’t foreseen. In the 13 years Prohibition was alive, a lot of secondary effects popped up that made Prohibition a mistake. I will discuss the top 10 of many unintended consequences of Prohibition.

When prohibition took effect in January 1920, it put many bars out of business. Americans’ thirst for alcohol never ceased. Whenever there is a demand in the market, supply will meet it and these factors led to the rise of illegal speakeasies. The number of illegal speakeasies exploded during the Prohibition era. …


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In the early years of America, the position of Secretary of State was seen as the next President in waiting. Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe were all previously Secretary of State’s before they became President. In the 1824 Presidential Election, John Quincy Adams was the sitting Secretary of State and the presumptive next President. Adams was the son of John Adams, the 2nd President of the United States. Besides, having Presidential blood lines, Adams also had an extensive history of serving as an Ambassador, a U.S. Senator and serving in Congress before becoming Secretary of State. If you could draft a dream resume for a U.S. …


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Florida, as well as the rest of the southern United States, had been controlled by southern white democrats since the end of the Reconstruction era. The Ku Klux Klan also had a revival in the early 1900s, establishing many new chapters in Florida starting in 1915. When you add together these two factors, Florida was not a welcoming state for African American voters to vote in 1920.

Judge John Moses Cheney was a Republican running for a U.S. Senate seat in Florida in 1920. This year was also a Presidential election year and the first time women voted nationally because of the 19th amendment. Because of this newly expanded voter pool, African Americans registered to vote in record numbers throughout the Southern United States. Cheney started a voter registration drive to register African Americans to vote in Florida. …


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When President Trump was impeached last winter, there was constant mention of Trump being the third president impeached, after Bill Clinton and Andrew Johnson. Unless you’re a history buff, you’re probably not that familiar with Andrew Johnson. Johnson was the Vice President when Abraham Lincoln was assassinated and thus became President.

Johnson at first promised to keep Lincoln’s “ideals” alive, but when Congress started passing progressive laws to help the freed slaves, Johnson, a former slave owner himself couldn’t follow through with the agenda. …


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Steinberg’s was a grocery store founded in 1917 in Montreal, by a Jewish-Hungarian immigrant named Ida Steinberg. The motto for the store was to “give customers a little more than they expect.” Ida’s son Sam rented an adjacent store in 1919, and seven years later, the second independent store opened in Montreal. By 1930, Steinberg was 4 stores strong.

The Steinberg stores were full service grocery stores that offered delivery services. In 1933, Steinberg opened a tenth store that was its first self service one. Self-service grocery stores were a new idea. Given the world was in the middle of the Great Depression, the idea became popular. With self service, the prices were as much as 20% lower. Steinberg opened its first two supermarkets in 1937. The stores were the first in Canada that had separate coolers for meat, dairy products, and produce. At these stores, Steinberg was also a pioneer in using cellophane packaging and providing parking lots for each store. …


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In the 1920s The Ford Motor Company (Ford) controlled nearly all the raw materials that went into the making of a car, all except one rubber. Brazil had been the world’s principal supplier of rubber. This situation changed when a British explorer named Henry Wickham smuggled thousands of rubber plant seeds out of Brazil and unto a ship headed to England. The seeds were planted in the European colonies of Malaysia, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia. The plants thrived in the warm tropical climate. …


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In the religions of Christianity and Catholicism, there is a service/ritual called Communion or the formal name of transubstantiation. In the ceremony the pastor/priest takes a piece of bread/cracker/wafer which represents Jesus Christ’s body and a glass of wine/ grape juice which is representing Jesus Christ’s blood. The pastor/priest offers the items to the congregation who eat and drink them to attain communion with Jesus Christ.

In Lutheran traditions, the bread and wine are symbols of the blood and flesh of Christ, while in Catholicism the bread and wine are actually supposed to be the blood and flesh of Christ. Either way, you look at it, both are supposed to create a closer bond with Christ. …


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James Marion Sims was an American physician and a pioneer in surgery. He was known as the father of modern gynecology. His most significant work was the development of a surgical technique for the repair of vesicovaginal fistula, a severe complication of obstructed childbirth. He is also remembered for inventing Sims speculum, Sims sigmoid catheter, and the Sims position. Noted medical ethicist Barron H. Lester said this about Sims, “one would be hard pressed to find a more controversial figure in the history of medicine.”

Sims made all these medical discoveries and techniques by operating on enslaved African American woman without anesthesia. This practice was condemned as an improper use of human experimental subjects by experts in the 20th century, but that didn’t deter Sims. According to Sim’s the enslaved women were “willing” and had no better option than again can a slave really say no? …


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A Susu is a form of rotating savings and credit association, an informal savings club arrangement between a small group of people who take turns collecting the pot. The name comes from African and Caribbean cultures. The basic principle is that each member of the group makes a standard contribution to a common fund once per time period. Each period the total contributions are disbursed to a single member of the group. The recipient of the pot changes each period in a rotating fashion such that all members of the group are eventually recipients. A Susu is not a scheme or illegal, the idea has been a bedrock of Caribbean immigrant communities in the U.S. for decades. …


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Cases of the Spanish Flu appeared in San Francisco during the fall of 1918. By mid-October, the city had over 2,000 cases. The city’s Board of Health enacted various measures to curb the disease, such as banning gatherings, closing schools and theatres, and warning citizens to avoid crowds. Professions that served customers (i.e. restaurants, barbers and store clerks) were required to wear masks. On October 25, the city passed an ordinance requiring everyone in San Francisco to wear a mask while in public or when in a group of two or more people, except at mealtime.

The initial compliance of the ordinance was high, with about 80% of people wearing masks in public. The Red Cross sold masks at the ferry terminal for incoming passengers. Anyone who failed to wear a mask or wore it improperly was charged with disturbing the peace. A warning was issued first and after any subsequent violation was fined or jailed. The mask ordinance was annulled on November 21, 1918. When the Second wave of the Spanish Flu increased the sick count, a new ordinance was passed that mandated mask wearing in January 1919. …

About

marlon mosley

recovering Lawyer, History buff who wants to share my knowledge with the world . To teach them lessons from our past. see all of the stories on www.mwmblog.com

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